Pythagorion of Samos is a vibrant town named after the famed Greek philosopher Pythagoras. The major sight here is an amazingly beautiful port, which is probably one the oldest among all the Mediterranean ports. As one would expect, there are many old sailing ships and fishing boats mooring here. You can also spot numerous good cafeterias and restaurants around the port to comfortably spend your time in.
The town of Pythagorion has a very jovial atmosphere throughout the year, and the nightlife here is simply amazing. There are also many pristine beaches in and around Pythagorion. The town is also one of the most developed destinations on the island, which makes it a major hub of Samos tourism. What’s more exciting, this modern town is built atop of the ruins of an ancient Samian town.
Nowadays, many people come to Pythagorion to explore the major attractions which include but are not confined to the Roman baths, remains of Wall of Polikratis, Castle of Logothetis, Monastery of Panagia Spiliani, and the Pythagorion museum. It is also easy to sail from Pythagorion to many of the other Aegean islands. The town also boasts a long history of culture and heritage.
Major attractions at Pythagorion
- Monastery of Panagia Spiliani
The Monastery of Panagia Spiliani is located north-west of Pythagorion, hovering at an altitude of 125 metres above sea level. It is also known as the ‘Virgin of the Cave’, a small church dedicated to Virgin Mary and built inside a big cave. The church has a marble icon of Virgin Mary, which by the believers is considered to be miraculous. There is also a spring of holy water behind the church.
- Archaeological Museum of Pythagorion
The Archaeological Museum of Pythagorion was shifted from the Town Hall of Pythagorion back in 2010 to its own new building. Museum is now located at the center of Pythagorion city, next to the site of ancient town. Nearly 3,000 items are housed at the museum, and they were all found during various excavations held in the ancient town.
The articles here provide tangible evidence of the historical course of this island from the 5th millennium B.C. to the 7th century A.D. You can find ancient coins, marble statues, jewellery, temple parts, ceramic vases, building remains, and other items reflecting the cultural development of Samos Islands during various periods of its history.
- Eupalinian Aqueduct
What could almost be considered as “the eight” wonder of the ancient world, the Eupalinian Aqueduct is today the major tourist attraction in Samos Island. This water tunnel was named after the famous architect Eupalinus who built it in the 6th century B.C. The tunnel is located at the mountain slopes of Panagia Spiliani and undoubtedly remains as one of the most fascinating structures of the whole world built during its period.
- Folklore Museum
Dimitriou Folklore Museum in Samos is located at Pythagorion. Exhibits of the museum give you an imagery of the everyday life in Samos before the Second World War. The items you can wonder here are still in use in the day-to-day life of Samos villages. The major exhibits include agricultural tools, ploughs, sieves sickles, spades, and reap hooks, troughs, rolling pins, hand mills, boards, clay bowls, clothes, bedspreads, curtains, blankets, jewellery etc.
Some other major tourist attractions in and around Pythagorion also include the Castle of Lykourgos Logothetis, the Samiopoula Island, and the Roman Baths etc.